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(2) All entries in the list of feed materials in Part C shall comply with the restrictions on the use of feed materials in accordance with the relevant legislation of the Union; particular attention shall be paid to compliance with Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council (1) for feed materials that are or are produced from genetically modified organisms, or ...

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Research Article Extraction of Oleic Acid from Moroccan ...

2019-7-30 · Research Article Extraction of Oleic Acid from Moroccan Olive Mill Wastewater RedaElkacmi, 1,2 NoureddineKamil, 2 MounirBennajah, 3 andSaidKitane 3 Department of Chemistry and Valorisation, Faculty of Sciences Ain-Chock, HASSAN II University of Casablanca,

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Olive Oil Composition: Volatile Compounds

2012-2-13 · The volatile compounds, responsible for olive oil aroma, are usually: low molecular weight (<300 Da); high volatility, sufficient hydrosolubility, fair liposolubility and chemical features to bond with specific proteins (Angerosa et al., 2002). During crushing and malaxation steps, considerable changes, in olive oil chemical

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Analytical assessment of destoned and organic-destoned ...

2010-2-27 · Endocarp of olive drupe (Olea europaea L) is characterised by high hardness, therefore there is a thermal stress of olive paste during processing (crushing step) [1, 2].This results in thermal oxidation processes involving chiefly bionutritional compounds (biophenols noticeably, which are converted to quinones).

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Olive Oil

olive oil is obtained by only mild physical methods, i.e., crushing, extraction, and centrifugation, and is well documented in the literature (Petrakis, 2006). The term '''' relates to the quality and authenticity of olive oil, whereas ''extra '' is a very high quality and pure unprocessed olive oil.

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Are olive oils obtained below 27 °C better than ...

2009-4-1 · 1.. IntroductionIn 2002, European Commission (EC) Regulation No. 1019/2002 introduced new marketing standards for olive oil. According to Art. 5: (a) the indication ''first cold pressing'' can only be used for VOO or extra-VOO obtained at temperatures below 27. °C from the first mechanical pressing of olive paste by a traditional extraction system using hydraulic presses; (b) the indication ...

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ENGLISH POLICY ITALY 2012 OK

2019-11-26 · Olive holdings are generally very small, averaging less than one hectare at national level. Approximately 70% of all the olive farms in the country have less than 2 ha of land. Crop production averages around 3 000 kg /ha and 16 kg/ tree. Olive trees have grown for thousands of years across virtually the whole of Italy and are found in 18 of the

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olive oil

Today the estate has around a hundred olive trees on its land. Made from a blend of Picholine, Verdale and Aglandau, Clos des Sources olive oil is an oil with the character of Provence with a beautiful bitterness and a pronounced flowery taste.

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Olive oil: Properties and processing for use in food ...

2015-1-1 · The latter are important minor olive oil constituents because they can be used as a criterion to differentiate various olive oil types (EC Regulation No. 61, 2011). The main waxes detected in olive oil are esters of oleic or palmitic acid with 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, and 46 carbon atoms. The limit for olive oils level is 250 mg/kg.

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Extraction of Oleic Acid from Moroccan Olive Mill Wastewater

The production of olive oil in Morocco has recently grown considerably for its economic and nutritional importance favored by the country''s climate. After the extraction of olive oil by pressing or centrifuging, the obtained liquid contains oil and vegetation water which is subsequently separated by decanting or centrifugation. Despite its treatment throughout the extraction process, this ...

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SHORT-TERM OUTLOOK

2019-10-3 · Crushing margins benefitted from the low soya bean prices. Crushing of soya beans increased by more than 10% in the 2018/2019 marketing year. Despite the decline in EU rapeseed production, use for crushing has slightly increased in the EU (+0.4% year-on-year). Total crushing volumes should remain stable in 2019/2020.

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Olive Processing: Influence of Some Crucial Phases on the ...

2019-12-11 · The extra olive oil (EVOO) chemical and sensory characteristics depend on several factors such as the environment, the genetic matrix, stage of olive ripeness, phytosanitary conditions of olive, time and way of olive storage before transformation, and technological features of olive mill. In this chapter, the time of olive storage and two different types of extraction equipment are ...

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PROagro Premium Extra Olive Oil

AGROCERT is a Private Law Legal Entity operating for the public benefit under the supervision of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food (L. 2637/98). COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1151/2012 21.11.12 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of …

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Company

2020-4-7 · Rubino has a history stretching back more than 125 years, serving and providing high quality extra olive oil in Italy and beyond.The company was established in 1870 by Vito Rubino in Bari, Puglia region, Italy and until today, Rubino is still owned and managed by the Rubino family. Rubino started as a little crushing …

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Provided for non-commercial research and educational …

2018-1-15 · including olive harvesting (manually or mechanically), transportation to olive mills, washing, crushing, mixing the olive paste in a thermobeater (with or without talc addition) and oil separation by centrifugation or pressing. Although VOO should be naturally free of PAH, con-tamination can occur either directly during the processing

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Olive Oil Lignan (+)-Acetoxypinoresinol Peripheral Motor ...

2020-9-29 · Penitrem A, PA, is an indole diterpene alkaloid produced by several fungal species. PA acts as a selective Ca2+-dependent K-channels (Maxi-K, BK) antagonist in brain, causing motor system dysfunctions including tremors and seizures. However, its molecular mechanism at the peripheral nervous system (PNS) is still ambiguous. The Mediterranean diet key ingredient extra- olive oil …

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Effects of olive paste fast preheating on the quality of ...

2014-10-1 · The olive paste obtained after crushing was fast preheated under different time/temperature conditions and then malaxed in an industrial oil mill (600 kg Frantoio/Leccino olive blend). Legal parameters (peroxides, free acidity and sensory panel), oil yield, total phenolic content, oxidative stability and phenolic profile were monitored during ...

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OliveOisLand®

We send the olive fruits which are turned into paste, into a mixer system called malaxator with the help of a pump, and we are decomposing the olive oil from the olive paste here. In order to reach high quality and healthy extra olive oil, make sure to keep crushers and crushing systems clean, free from paste residues, and renew metal ...

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LOX Gene Transcript Accumulation in Olive (Olea europaea L ...

2012-5-1 · 2.1. Olive Sampling and Origin Areas. The selection of plants of "Coratina" cv, belonged to the olive germplasm collection of the CRA-OLI (Centro di Ricerca per l''Olivicoltura e l''Industria Olearia), was performed in the town of Mirto-Crosia (Jonian coasts, Calabria, Italy) and in the town of Rende (Internal zone, Calabria, Italy) (Figure 2) each farm the olive fruits were collected ...

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Characterization of bioactive compounds in commercial ...

1. Introduction The leaves of the olive tree (Olea europaea L.), native to the Mediterranean basin, have been widely used as a folk remedy in traditional medicine.Nowadays, olive leaves (OL) can be considered as a by-product of olive farming and processing. The pruning and olive harvesting for the production of olive …

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OLIVE OIL PROCESSING COURSE

2009-10-24 · OLIVE OIL PROCESSING COURSE Crushing Paste Preparation Malaxing Temperature &Malaxing Temperature & Time . 2 Crushing Crushing. 3 Crushing Crushing Photos Jose Alba – Australia 2005. 4 ... • EC regulation "Cold extraction" < 27ºC. • Between 25ºC and 30ºC. • Start at 28ºC and apply variations controlling the oil in pomace.

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Olive Processing: Influence of Some Crucial Phases on the ...

2019-12-11 · The olive is formed by the epicarp or skin that is composed of 1.5–3.5% of the drupe weight, by the mesocarp or pulp that constitutes between 70 and 80%, by the endocarp or hazel that constitutes between 15 and 25%, and by the almond or seed that has a weight on the total between 2.5 and 4%. The mesocarp is made up mostly of water, oil, and ...

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(PDF) Olive oil history, production and by-product management

2007-3-31 · 1 kg of olive oil is produced after the proce ssing of. approximately 5 kg of olives. The main processing. steps needed to ob tain olive o il include: feeding, leaf. removal and washing, crushing ...

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Final separation

Separator A-3500. Vertical centrifuge for the olive oil clarification by the elimination of the eventual solid particles and water droplets. The separator is equipped with an electronic system for the starting and the speed control, and a column with a great number of variable thickness stainless steel disks for the phases separation and an automatic sludge discharge system.

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Effect of crushing on olive paste and olive oil ...

2021-5-25 · Crushing and malaxing An olive oil''s potential, in terms of flavour and organoleptic characteristics, is developed during the crushing and malaxing phases. The olive drupe crushing and paste heating processes must be performed with extreme care using machinery that, on the one hand, prevents oxidation or deterioration

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APPLICATION OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS FOR …

2018-6-25 · Olive pomace Olive stones Crushing/Milling Malaxation DECANTER Water Olive washing (Washing)/Cleaning wastewater Leaves. 5 Research Group in Chemical, Catalytic and Biotechnological ... EC 50 (µg trolox/mL extract) SE 12.89 ± 0.22 69.19 ± 5.20 SFE-200 bar 9.18 ± 0.17 46.20 ± 3.58

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ESTABLISHING PROCESSING FACTORS FOR FAT SOLUBLE …

2018-8-22 · during crushing. The solubility of a pesticide in water or fat, and in the solvents used in oil extraction, influences the concentration of a pesticide in the processed products. For the reasons mentioned above, research is in theory the only way to establish the processing factors accurately. In practice, it is however not feasible to carry out a

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COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 629/2003 amending …

quality of olive oil and table olive production and its environmental impact. However, Commission Regula-tion (EC) No 528/1999 (3), as amended by Regulation (EC) No 593/2001 (4), makes no reference to table olive production. (2) Regulation (EC) No 528/1999 should therefore be amended accordingly. (3) The measures provided for in this Regulation ...

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Recovery and characterisation of DNA from olive oil

2010-4-20 · DNA damage that occurs during crushing and malaxa-tion. Enzymes [8], enzymatic inhibitors [9] and/or addi-tives are widely used in the food industry but they are not legally recognised for use in olive processing, al-though they are frequently employed by oil millers to en-hance extraction yields or to improve olive oil quality. In

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By-Products of Olive Oil in the Service of the Deficiency ...

Further downstream in the olive oil extraction process, the Mediterranean Basin faces a serious environmental threat caused by olive waste. Despite their polluting profile, olive waste is considered to be a very rich source of natural antioxidants, such as polyphenols. In this study, the latter was valued as a source of natural antioxidants and compared with a synthetic antioxidant ascorbic acid.

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Food, Farming, Fisheries | European Commission

2021-8-24 · How the European Commission ensures the safety and quality of agricultural and food products, supports producers and communities, and promotes sustainable practices.

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